Authors Pötschke, P. ; Bhattacharyya, A.R. ; Janke, A.
Title Morphology and electrical resistivity of melt mixed blends of polyethylene and carbon nanotube filled polycarbonate
Date 18.11.2003
Number 11581
Abstract Blends were prepared from a high density polyethylene (PE) material and a conductive polycarbonate (PC) composite containing multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNT). The PC composite contained 2 wt% MWNT and was prepared by diluting a PC masterbatch consisting of 15 wt% MWNT by melt mixing in an extruder. The aim of blending a conductive PC composite with PE was to obtain a conductive blend at lower amounts of MWNT than required for the pure PC component. The blend morphology was found to be co-continuous over a broad composition range of 30–80 vol.% of the filled PC phase as verified by selective extraction of PC and morphological investigations. The co-continuous structure is very fine with ligaments in the range of 1 µm. Significantly reduced volume resistivity values, i.e. in the range of 107 O cm, could be achieved in the same composition range of that of the continuous PC phase, i.e. starting at compositions of 30 vol.% filled PC. Here, the total MWNT content in the blend was only 0.41 vol.%. Interestingly, even if the MWNT had been incorporated in the PC phase, the tubes are still visible in the blends after selective extraction of PC. Scanning electron microscopy investigations revealed that the MWNT bridge the PC and PE phases, at least with their ends. This can be understood by the length dimensions of the tubes, which is higher than the phase sizes in the blends.
Publisher Polymer
Wikidata Q61899291
Citation Polymer 44 (2003) 8061-8069
Tags blends multiwalled carbon nanotube composites electrical resistivity immiscible polymer blends co-continuous structures conductive composites black ropes fabrication percolation dispersion behavior design

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