Authors Zhandarov, S. ; Mäder, E. ; Yurkevich, O.R.
Title Indirect estimation of polymer/fiber bond strength and interfacial friction from maximum load values recorded in the microbond and pull-out tests. Part I: Local bond strength
Date 31.07.2002
Number 10220
Abstract The techniques aimed at adhesion strength measurement between reinforcing fibers and polymer matrices (the pull-out and microbond tests) involve the measurement of the force, <I>F</I><SUB>max</SUB>, required to pull out a fiber whose end is embedded in the matrix. Then, this maximum force value is used to calculate such interfacial parameters as the apparent bond strength, &#964;<SUB>app</SUB>, and the local interfacial shear strength (IFSS), &#964;<SUB>d</SUB>. However, it has been demonstrated that the <I>F</I><SUB>max</SUB> value is influenced by interfacial friction in already debonded regions, and, therefore, these parameters are not purely 'adhesional' but depend, in an intricate way, on interfacial adhesion and friction. In the last few years, several techniques for separate determination of adhesion and friction in micromechanical tests have been developed, but their experimental realization is rather complicated, because they require an accurate value of the external load at the moment of crack initiation. We have developed a new technique which uses the relationship between the maximum force and the embedded length ('scale factor') to separately measure fiber-matrix interfacial adhesion and friction. Using the equation for the current crack length as a function of the applied load, based on a stress criterion of interfacial debonding, we modeled the pull-out and microbond experiments and obtained the maximum force value versus the embedded length. By varying &#964;<SUB>d</SUB> and interfacial friction, &#964;<SUB>f</SUB>, to fit experimental plots, both interfacial parameters were estimated. The micromechanical tests were modeled for three types of specimen geometries (cylindrical specimens, spherical droplets, and matrix hemispheres in the pull-out test) with different levels of residual thermal stresses and interfacial friction. The effect of all these factors on the experimental results is discussed, and the importance of specimen geometry is demonstrated. One of the most interesting results is that the 'ultimate' IFSS (the limiting &#964;<SUB>app</SUB> <br />as the embedded length tends to zero) is not always equal to the 'local' bond strength.
Publisher Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology
Citation Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology 16 (2002) 1171-1200

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