Title Cationic phosphorus dendrimer enhances photodynamic activity of rose bengal against basal cell carcinoma cell lines
Date 30.05.2017
Number 53183
Abstract In the last couple of decades, photodynamic therapy emerged as a useful tool in the treatment of basal cell carcinoma. However, it still meets limitations due to unfavorable properties of photosensitizers such as poor solubility or lack of selectivity. Dendrimers, polymers widely studied in biomedical field, may play a role as photosensitizer carriers and improve the efficacy of photodynamic treatment. Here, we describe the evaluation of an electrostatic complex of cationic phosphorus dendrimer and rose bengal in such aspects as singlet oxygen production, cellular uptake, and phototoxicity against three basal cell carcinoma cell lines. Rose bengal–cationic dendrimer complex in molar ratio 5:1 was compared to free rose bengal. Obtained results showed that the singlet oxygen production in aqueous medium was significantly higher for the complex than for free rose bengal. The cellular uptake of the complex was 2–7-fold higher compared to a free photosensitizer. Importantly, rose bengal, rose bengal–dendrimer complex, and dendrimer itself showed no dark toxicity against all three cell lines. Moreover, we observed that phototoxicity of the complex was remarkably enhanced presumably due to high cellular uptake. On the basis of the obtained results, we conclude that rose bengal–cationic dendrimer complex has a potential in photodynamic treatment of basal cell carcinoma.
Publisher Molecular Pharmaceutics
Identifier 0
Citation Molecular Pharmaceutics 14 (2017) 1821-1830
Authors Dabrzalska, M. ; Janaszewska, A. ; Zablocka, M. ; Mignani, S. ; Majoral, J. P. ; Klajnert-Maculewicz, B.

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