Authors Zimmerer, C.; Simon, F.; Putzke, S.; Drechsler, A.; Janke, A.; Krause, B.
Title N-Type Coating of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes by Polydopamine-Mediated Nickel Metallization
Date 23.10.2023
Number 0
Abstract Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have unique thermal and electrical properties. Coating them with a thin metal layer can provide promising materials for many applications. This study presents a bio-inspired, environmentally friendly technique for CNT metallization using polydopamine (PDA) as an adhesion promoter, followed by electroless plating with nickel. To improve the dispersion in the aqueous reaction baths, part of the SWCNTs was oxidized prior to PDA coating. The SWCNTs were studied before and after PDA deposition and metallization by scanning and transmission electron microscopy, scanning force microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. These methods verified the successful coating and revealed that the distribution of PDA and nickel was significantly improved by the prior oxidation step. Thermoelectric characterization showed that the PDA layer acted as a p-dopant, increasing the Seebeck coefficient S of the SWCNTs. The subsequent metallization decreased S, but no negative S-values were reached. Both coatings affected the volume conductivity and the power factor, too. Thus, electroless metallization of oxidized and PDA-coated SWCNTs is a suitable method to create a homogeneous metal layer and to adjust their conduction type, but more work is necessary to optimize the thermoelectric properties.
Publisher Nanomaterials
Citation Nanomaterials 13 (2023) 2813

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