Authors Paleo, A. J.; Krause, B.; Cerqueira, M. F.; González-Domínguez, J. M.; Munoz, E.; Pötschke, P.; Rocha, A. M.
Title Thermoelectric Properties of Cotton Fabrics Dip-Coated in Pyrolytically Stripped Pyrograf® III Carbon Nanofiber Based Aqueous Inks
Date 12.06.2023
Number 0
Abstract The transport properties of commercial carbon nanofibers (CNFs) produced by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) depend on the various conditions used during their growth and post-growth synthesis, which also affect their derivate CNF-based textile fabrics. Here, the production and thermoelectric (TE) properties of cotton woven fabrics (CWFs) functionalized with aqueous inks made from different amounts of pyrolytically stripped (PS) Pyrograf® III PR 25 PS XT CNFs via dip-coating method are presented. At 30 °C and depending on the CNF content used in the dispersions, the modified textiles show electrical conductivities (σ) varying between ~5 and 23 S m−1 with a constant negative Seebeck coefficient (S) of −1.1 μVK−1. Moreover, unlike the as-received CNFs, the functionalized textiles present an increase in their σ from 30 °C to 100 °C (dσ/dT > 0), explained by the 3D variable range hopping (VRH) model as the charge carriers going beyond an aleatory network of potential wells by thermally activated hopping. However, as it happens with the CNFs, the dip-coated textiles show an increment in their S with temperature (dS/dT > 0) successfully fitted with the model proposed for some doped multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) mats. All these results are presented with the aim of discerning the authentic function of this type of pyrolytically stripped Pyrograf® III CNFs on the thermoelectric properties of their derived textiles.
Publisher Materials
Citation Materials 16 (2023) 4335

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