Authors Tassinari, S. ; Moreno, S. ; Komber, H. ; Carloni, R. ; Cangiotti, M. ; Ottaviani, M. F. ; Appelhans, D.
Title Synthesis and biological and physico-chemical characterization of glycodendrimers and oligopeptides for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus
Date 21.02.2022
Abstract Anti-(ds)-DNA antibodies are the serological hallmark of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). They assemble in the bloodstream with (ds)-DNA, forming immunocomplexes, which spread all over the body causing, among the other symptoms, lupic glomerulonephritis. Pathological manifestations of the disease may be reduced by destabilizing or inhibiting the formation of the immunocomplexes. In this respect, glycodendrimers showed peculiar interacting abilities towards this kind of biomolecule. Various generations of open-shell maltose-decorated poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) and poly(propyleneimine) (PPI) dendrimers and two oligopeptides with different polyethylene glycol units were synthesized and characterized, and then tested for their anti-SLE activity. The activity of glycodendrimers and oligopeptides was evaluated in human plasma from patients with SLE, compared to healthy plasma, by means of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) characterization using spin-label and spin-probe techniques. Different strategies for the immunocomplex formation were tested. The results show that both kinds of glycodendrimers and oligopeptides inhibited the formation of immunocomplexes. Also, a partial breakdown of preformed immunocomplexes was observed. Both ELISA and EPR analyses indicated a better activity of glycodendrimers compared to oligopeptides, the 3rd generation PPI dendrimer being the most promising against SLE. This study highlights the possibility to develop a new class of dendritic therapeutics for the treatment of Lupus in pre-clinical studies.
Journal Nanoscale 14 (2022) 4654-4670

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