Authors Urbanski, A. ; Omar, A. ; Guo, J. ; Janke, A. ; Reuter, U. ; Malanin, M. ; Schmidt, F. ; Jehnichen, D. ; Holzschuh, M. ; Simon, F. ; Eichhorn, K.-J. ; Giebeler, L. ; Uhlmann, P.
Title An efficient two-polymer binder for high-performance silicon nanoparticle-based lithium-ion batteries: A systematic case study with commercial polyacrylic acid and polyvinyl butyral polymers
Date 02.01.2019
Number 56181
Abstract Silicon is one of the most promising anode materials for high energy density lithium ion batteries (LIBs) due to its high theoretical capacity and natural abundance. Unfortunately, significant challenges arise due to the large volume change of silicon upon lithiation/delithiation which inhibit its broad commercialization. An advanced binder can, in principle, reversibly buffer the volume change, and maintain strong adhesion toward various components as well as the current collector. In this work, we present the first report on the applicability of polyvinyl butyral (PVB) polymer as a binder component for silicon nanoparticles-based LIBs. Characteristic binder properties of commercial PVB and polyacrylic acid (PAA) polymers are compared. The work focuses on polymer mixtures of PVB polymers with PAA, for an improved binder composition which incorporates their individual advantages. Different ratios of polymers are systematically studied to understand the effect of particular polymer chains, functional groups and mass fractions, on the electrochemical performance. We demonstrate a high-performance polymer mixture which exhibits good binder-particle interaction and strong adhesion to Cu-foil. PAA/PVB-based electrode with a Si loading of ~1 mg/cm2 tested between 0.01 and 1.2 V vs. Li/Li+ demonstrate specific capacities as high as 2170 mAh/g after the first hundred cycles.
Publisher Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Citation Journal of the Electrochemical Society 166 (2019) A5275-A5286

Back to list