Authors Seyfi, J. ; Hejazi, I. ; Jafari, S.H. ; Khonakdar, H. A. ; Simon, F.
Title Enhanced hydrophobicity of polyurethane via non-solvent induced surface aggregation of silica nanoparticles
Date 15.09.2016
Number 50441
Abstract Fabrication of superhydrophobic surfaces from hydrophilic polymers has always been regarded as a challenge. In this study, to achieve superhydrophobic polyurethane (PU) surfaces, silica nanoparticles and ethanol as non-solvent were simultaneously utilized during a solution casting-based process. Such modified version of phase separation process was found to be highly efficient, and also it required much lower concentration of nanoparticles to achieve superhydrophobicity as compared to the previously reported methods in the literature. According to the proposed mechanism, non-solvent induces a more profound aggregation of silica nanoparticles at the surface’s top layer causing the surface energy to be highly diminished, and thus, the water repellency is improved. Morphology and topography results showed that a unique “triple-sized” structure was formed on the surface of superhydrophobic samples. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results proved that both PU macromolecules and silica nanoparticles were concurrently present at the surface layer of the superhydrophobic sample. It was concluded that surface composition and roughness could be regarded as competing factors in achieving superhydrophobicity. Based on the obtained results, the proposed method exhibits a promising potential in large-scale fabrication of surface layers with superhydrophobic property. Moreover, a mechanism was also presented to further explicate the physics behind the suggested method.
Publisher Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Citation Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 478 (2016) 117-126
Tags superhydrophobic polyurethane phase separation roughness silica

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