Authors Wang, G. ; Zhu, M. ; Chen, G. ; Qu, Z. ; Kohn, B. ; Scheler, U. ; Chu, X. ; Fu, Y. ; Schmidt, O. G. ; Feng, X.
Title An anode-free Zn-graphite battery
Date 21.06.2022
Abstract The anode-free battery concept is proposed to pursue the aspiration of energy-dense, rechargeable metal batteries, but this has not been achieved with dual-ion batteries. Herein, the first anode-free Zn–graphite battery enabled by efficient Zn plating–stripping onto a silver-coated Cu substrate is demonstrated. The silver coating guides uniform Zn deposition without dendrite formation or side reaction over a wide range of electrolyte concentrations, enabling the construction of anode-free Zn cells. In addition, the graphite cathode operates efficiently under reversible bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide anion (TFSI-) intercalation without anodic corrosion. An extra high-potential TFSI- intercalation plateau is recognized at 2.75 V, contributing to the high capacity of graphite cathode. Thanks to efficient Zn plating–stripping and TFSI- intercalation–deintercalation, an anode-free Zn–graphite dual-ion battery that exhibits impressive cycling stability with 82% capacity retention after 1000 cycles is constructed. At the same time, a specific energy of 79 Wh kg-1 based on the mass of cathode and electrolyte is achieved, which is over two times higher than conventional Zn–graphite batteries (<30 Wh kg-1).
Journal Advanced Materials 34 (2022) 2201957

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