Functional nanostructured interfaces and polymer systems
Prof. Dr. Brigitte Voit
Prof. Dr. Manfred Stamm
Highly integrated new technologies in the fields of communication, transportation, medicine, microelectronics and micro system technology as well as for efficient power generation, storage, and utilization require materials with novel, precisely defined properties and adjusted functionalities. Functional nanostructured polymers offer a great potential in this respect as they may be tailored for a large number of applications and can take over specific functions. Research activities at the IPF are focussed on exploiting this potential by development of functional polymers and nanostructured (hybrid) materials. Efforts aim at precise adjustment of architecture, functionalities, self-assembly, and nanostructure of polymers by novel and improved synthesis strategies as well as by control of physical interactions and interface properties. In addition, better understanding of correlations between molecular structure, nanomorphology, interface functionality, and the macroscopic material and end-use properties are to be achieved.
For integration of functions it is necessary that polymer materials with desired functionality and morphology can be combined with other materials and integrated into complex systems with high reproducibility and long-term stability. This concerns design of novel functions, while, at the same time, environmentally-friendly and cost-efficient procedures are required. Application of macromolecules as nanoscale functional elements is achieved by adjustment of chemical constitution and architecture, but also by control of positioning and manipulation of single molecules. The required chemical and structural nanoscale analysis is performed by top-level characterization techniques.