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Title Adjusting the mechanical behavior of embroidered scaffolds to lapin anterior cruciate ligaments by varying the thread materials
Date 14.05.2015
Number 46422
Abstract Traumatic rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) can cause local destabilization and loss of mobility. Reconstruction using engineered ACL grafts is rarely successful due to sub-optimal material choice and mechanical performance. <br />Thus, the presented work demonstrates the fabrication of various embroidered single- and bi-component scaffolds made of two commercially available monofilament threads (polydioxanone, poly(lactic acid-co-·- caprolactone)) as well as a novel melt spun poly(L-lactic acid) multifilament and their mechanical analysis by tensile tests and under cyclic loading. <br />Selected scaffolds, adjusted by material composition and textile parameters, revealed a load–strain behavior comparable to native lapin ACL tissue exhibiting a sufficient amount of elastic deformation within the toe-region of 1.7%, scaffold stiffness of 123 N/mm and adequate maximum tensile load (300 N) and strain (20%). Therefore, the design of resorbable embroidered bi-component scaffolds represents a promising approach to replace artificial non-resorbable ligament grafts and allows for innovative tissue engineering strategies.
Publisher Textile Research Journal
Identifier
Citation Textile Research Journal 85 (2015) 1431-1444
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/0040517514566107
Authors Hahner, J. ; Hinüber, C. ; Breier, A. ; Siebert, T. ; Brünig, H. ; Heinrich, G.
Tags embroidery technology mechanical properties acl rabbit structure properties scaffold medical textiles

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