Title An ionic liquid as interface linker for tuning piezoresistive sensitivity and toughness in poly(vinylidene fluoride)/carbon nanotube composites
Date 27.03.2017
Number 52803
Abstract Conductive polymer nanocomposites (CPNCs) have emerged as potential alternatives for metallic foil sensors and semiconductor strain gauges. The simultaneous achievement of high piezoresistive sensitivity and large strain ranges for CPNCs currently presents a great challenge and solving this challenge may extend the applications of CPNCs with self-diagnosis capabilities to many structural health-monitoring (SHM) systems. This paper reports a facile strategy for fabricating highly piezoresistive and tough poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) based CPNCs by tuning the interactions between the polymer matrix and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNT) using an ionic liquid (IL) as an interface linker/modifier. As a result, the presence of IL achieves homogeneous dispersion of CNTs in PVDF but causes a reduced number of CNT–CNT ohmic contacts with higher electrical contact resistance. According to the lower initial resistivity, piezoresistive sensitivity is greatly improved, and the gauge factor (GF) varies from 7 to 60 upon the addition of IL. It is also shown that IL tunes PVDF–CNT interfacial bonding and, as an effective interface linker/modifier, achieves significantly improved sensing strain ranges (increased from ca. 6 to 21%) and toughness (elongation at break increases from 6 to 130%) of CPNCs. These results substantially advance the understanding of the missing relationship between polymer–filler interface interactions and piezoresistive properties and have important implications for future studies of tuning polymer–filler interface bonding properties and piezoresistive sensitivity.
Publisher ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Identifier 0
Citation ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9 (2017) 5437-5446
Authors Ke, K. ; Pötschke, P. ; Gao, S.-L. ; Voit, B.
Tags carbon nanotubes (cnts) interface interactions ionic liquid piezoresistivity poly(vinylidene fluoride) (pvdf)

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