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Beyreuther, R. ; Brünig, H. ; Vogel, R.
Preferable Filament Diameter Ratios of Hybrid Yarn Components for Optimized Longfiber Reinforced Thermoplastics

The mechanical properties of hybrid (commingled) yarn based reinforced thermoplastics depend on many parameters of the fiber components as well as of the different technological conditions during the commingling and the hot press molding. Among the fiber parameters the diameter ratio of the matrix and the reinforcing yarn components are most important to obtain the best mechanical properties of the reinforced thermoplastics. The paper treats theoretical considerations in order to reach a high probability of coating each reinforcing filament with the thermoplastic material during the hot press molding. The calculations include the filament ratios and the achieved volume ratios of both hybrid yarn components of the finished reinforced thermoplastics. It is demonstrated the under different optimization criterias (same filament numbers for both components or the same surfaces of the reinforcing yarn filaments and the matrix yarn filaments before the hot press molding) a more or less small range of filament ratios seem to be valid for manufacturing a homogeneous faultless reinforced thermoplastic. Quantitative calculations for two hybrid yarn systems PEEK/carbon fibers and PP/glass fibers, presented in diagrams, are demonstrated. Technological conditions for the spinning of micro fibers like PEEK-filaments complete the presentation.

Source
International Polymer Processing 17

Pages
153-157

DOI
http://www.polymer-process.com/directlink.asp?IPP1681

Published
July 2002
 
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