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Dutschk, V. ; Chen, J. ; Petzold, G. ; Vogel, R. ; Clausse, D. ; Ravera, F. ; Liggieri, L.
The role of emulsifier in stabilization of emulsions containing colloidal alumina particles

This paper focuses on the study on rheological behaviour of emulsions, stabilized by both differently modified dispersible colloidal Boehmite alumina nanoparticles and a non-ionic emulsifier. Hysteresis loop measurements and dynamic rheological measurements were carried out in linear and non-linear regimes on two different emulsion systems – water-in-oil (W/O) and oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions.
Emulsion stabilized by a combination of moderately hydrophobic particles and a non-ionic emulsifier is an O/W emulsion. The addition of emulsifier improved the stability, however, did not show a significant influence on the emulsion flow behaviour. The emulsion, stabilized by both – nanoparticles and emulsifier – showed a complicated behaviour, i.e. sometimes it exhibited thixotropy or antithixotropy and sometimes both of them.
Emulsion stabilized by rather hydrophobic particles and a non-polar emulsifier is a W/O emulsion. The emulsion is very homogenous and exhibited very weak thixotropy. Dynamic measurements showed that G’ was almost equal to G” and both parameters were frequency-dependent, indicating a viscous liquid-like system with little network structure if any. With addition of emulsifier, the rather elastic solid-like emulsion structure may be changed into the viscous liquid-like structure.
In order to get a better understanding of relationships between rheological behaviour and microstructure, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) results and optical microscopic images of the emulsions studied were discussed.

Quelle
Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 413

Seiten
239-247

DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2012.01.026

Erschienen am
November 2012
 
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