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Ashabi, L. ; Jafari, S.H. ; Baghaei, B. ; Khonakdar, H. A. ; Pötschke, P. ; Böhme, F.
Structural analysis of multicomponent nanoclay-containing polymer blends through simple model systems

A systematic approach was adopted to study multicomponent clay-containing nanocomposites using compatibilized and non-compatibilized blends of polyamide 6 (PA6)/acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene terpolymer (ABS) and their organoclay (OMMT) nanocomposites. For this purpose PA6/styrene–acrylonitrile copolymer (SAN) based blends and nanocomposites were selected as simple model systems. In this way the role of each component of the systems, especially the clay, compatibilizer, and polybutadiene fraction on the formation of intercalated or exfoliated OMMT structures as well as resulting dynamic mechanical properties (DMA) could be elucidated. Structural analysis of the model systems using theoretical approach, and X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and DMA revealed that the most crucial factor in controlling the morphology and achieving different levels of dispersion is the extent of interaction between clay and the polymer matrix. Morphological analysis revealed that the OMMT layers were dispersed and exfoliated largely in the PA6 phase but, some were also accumulated at the rubber particle surface which remained non-intercalated. The effect of a compatibilizer on the dispersion of OMMT was not completely clear. The SAN based nanocomposites containing PA6 showed fully exfoliated OMMT structures, whereas the ABS based nanocomposites, having an additional rubber fraction, showed a mixed exfoliated and also partly non-intercalated morphology. The OMMT did not change the general occurrence of the co-continuous structures but refined the structures and led to mechanical stiffening as indicated by the DMA results. A correlation was established between the changes in the morphological states and the DMA properties.

Quelle
Polymer 49

Seiten
2119-2126

DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2008.02.049

Erschienen am
April 2008
 
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