Publications

Institute /Biofunctional Polymer Materials/ (since 2000)

Calvimontes, A. ; Mauersberger, P. ; Nitschke, M. ; Dutschk, V. ; Simon, F.
Effects of oxygen plasma on cellulose surface

These studies aimed to investigate in detail changes on cellulose surfaces treated with low pressure oxygen plasma at various exposure times. Modifications of cellulose films were studied in respect to topography effects by means of atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Chemical effects of plasma treatment were studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray diffractometry. Results show that the topographical evolution of the surfaces to rougher ones is not at all gradual. Local maxima of fractionation and the surface size regularity were investigated using surface fractal analysis and Wenzel roughness factors, respectively. It was shown, that plasma treatments decompose the cellulose material by formation of highly functionalized molecules. Such plasma-initiated and supported reactions taking place on the sample surface. The bulk phase and in particular, the crystalline domains are not influenced by plasma treatments. The studies provide useful information to understand the plasma reaction on amorphous and crystalline regions of cellulose surfaces and allow to predict effects of the plasma treatment on physical and chemical properties of much more complex cellulose systems such as cotton fibres and fabrics.

Quelle
Cellulose 18

Seiten
803-809

DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10570-011-9511-5

Erschienen am
May 2011
 
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Publications
 

Departments

Institute of Biofunctional Polymer Materials

Publications