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Huang, X. ; Appelhans, D. ; Formanek, P. ; Simon, F. ; Voit, B.
Synthesis of well-defined photo-cross-linked polymeric nanocapsules by surface-initiated RAFT polymerization

Narrowly distributed hollow polymeric nanocapsules (PtBMA-co-PDMIPM-b-PHPMA), with the size of 450 or 900 nm, were first synthesized by surface-initiated reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization exploiting silica nanoparticles as sacrificial templates and 2,3-dimethylmaleic imidopropyl methacrylate (DMIPM) as a photo-cross-linker. First, silica nanoparticles were amino functionalized by aminosilane agents, and then the dithiocarbonate chain transfer agent (CTA) was anchored via activated R-groups to the amino-functionalized surface of silica nanoparticles. This surface layer of CTA groups was then used to grow linear copolymers and block copolymers by RAFT polymerization leading to a core–shell morphology. TEM and GPC results indicated that the thickness of the shell can be well governed by simply controlling the molecular weight of the grafted copolymer. Finally, after photo-cross-linking and etching the silica core with NH4F/HF buffer, hollow nanocapsules were obtained, of which the morphology and composition were confirmed by employing a range of techniques, such as TEM, cryo-TEM, DLS, SEM, XPS, TGA, FTIR, GPC, and UV–vis spectroscopy. Thus, robust and narrowly distributed polymeric nanocapsules with size of 450 nm and a wall thickness 10 nm based on the grafted block copolymer PtBMA-co-PDMIPM-b-PHPMA having Mn = 19·500 g/mol (GPC) could be prepared.

Quelle
Macromolecules 44

Seiten
8351-8360

DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma201982f

Erschienen am
November 2011
 
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