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Piasta, D. ; Bellmann, C. ; Spange, St. ; Simon, F.
Endowing carbon black pigment particles with primary amino groups

A readily synthetic route to endow the surface of hydrophobic carbon black (CB) particles with primary amino groups has been developed. The adsorption of the water-borne polyelectrolyte copolymer poly(vinyl amine-co-vinyl amide) (PVAm) on CB was studied as function of pH and polyelectrolyte concentration. The amino-functionalization process of CB with PVAm strongly depends on pH. As shown by electrokinetic measurement as function of pH, the content of accessible primary amino groups on the surface of CB increases with increasing the OH- concentration. The alternative functionalization of the CB surface with an anionic polyelectrolyte is demonstrated for the adsorption of poly(ethylene-alt-maleic anhydride) (PEMSA). About 50 mg of PVAm can be adsorbed on 1.0 g of CB, which is sufficient to completely alter the surface net charge. The aim of the introduced functional amino groups is their ability to act as anchoring groups for subsequent surface reactions improving the CBs process ability, compatibility, and adhesion properties.

Source
Langmuir 25

Pages
9071-9077

DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la900407n

Published
August 2009
 
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Polymer Interfaces