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Dlubek, G. ; Shaikh, M. Q. ; Raetzke, K. ; Faupel, F. ; Pionteck, J. ; Paluch, M.
The temperature dependence of free volume in phenyl salicylate and its relation to structural dynamics: A positron annihilation lifetime and pressure-volume-temperature study

Positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) and pressure-volume-temperature (PVT) experiments were performed to characterize the temperature dependent microstructure of the hole free volume in the low molecular weight glass-former phenyl salicylate (salol). The PALS spectra were analyzed with the new routine LT9.0 and the volume distribution of subnanometer size holes characterized by its mean and standard deviation sigmah was calculated. Crystallization of the amorphous sample was observed in the temperature range above 250 K, which leads to a vanishing of the positronium formation. The positronium signal recovered after melting at 303 K. A combination of PALS with PVT data enabled us to calculate the specific density Nh[prime], the specific volume Vf, and the fraction of holes fh in the amorphous state. From comparison with dielectric measurements in the temperature range above TB=265 K, it was found that the primary structural relaxation slows down with temperature, faster than the shrinkage of the hole free volume Vf would predict, on the basis of the Cohen–Turnbull (CT) free volume theory. CT plots can be linearized by replacing Vf of the CT theory by (Vf-DeltaV), where DeltaV is a volume correction term. This was interpreted as indication that the lower wing of the hole size distribution contains holes too small to show a liquidlike behavior in their surroundings. Peculiarities of the relaxation behavior below TB=265 K and the possible validity of the Cohen–Grest free volume model are discussed. ©2009 American Institute of Physics

Journal of Chemical Physics 130

144906 (9 pages)


Erschienen am
September 2009

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