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Jakisch, L. ; Komber, H. ; Böhme, F.
Introduction of a new coupling agent for selective coupling of hydroxy and amino group-containing polymers

A new bifunctional coupling agent with an oxazinone and a lactamate group is synthesized. It is shown by means of model reactions that in the presence of aliphatic hydroxy compounds the reaction of the coupling agent is highly selective. At 220 °C, a conversion of the lactamate group of about 90% is observed under elimination of lactam. In a second reaction the oxazinone group is converted with an aliphatic amino compound. This high selectivity is utilized in the synthesis of segmented polyester/polyamide block copolymers by sequential conversion of the coupling agent with hydroxy-terminated polyesters [poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT) and polycaprolactone (PCL)] and amino-terminated polyamide 12 (PA12) under the conditions of reactive extrusion. In the case of the PA12/PBT block copolymer, ductile behavior is observed, whereas the PA12/PCL block copolymer shows elastic properties. Both polymers are phase separated on the nanometer-scale, as evidenced by AFM and SEM. The thermal behavior of the polymers is affected by the influence of the individual blocks.

Source
Macromolecular Materials and Engineering 292

Pages
557-570

DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mame.200700005

Published
May 2007
 
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Functional Nanocomposites and Blends

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