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Freund, D. ; Bauer, N. ; Boxberger, S. ; Feldmann, S. ; Streller, U. ; Ehninger, G. ; Werner, C. ; Bornhäuser, M. ; Oswald, J. ; Corbeil, D.
Polarization of human hematopoietic progenitors during contact with multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells: Effects on proliferation and clonogenicity

Establishment of a defined cell culture system that facilitates ex vivo expansion of isolated hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) is a crucial issue in hematology and stem cell transplantation. Here we have evaluated the capacity of primary human multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) to support the ex vivo expansion of peripheral CD34+-enriched HSPCs. We observed that HSPCs co-cultured on MSCs showed a substantially higher total expansion rate compared to those growing without. Moreover, in addition to the expansion of CD34+CD133+ and CD34+CD133 cells, a third population of CD133+CD34 stem cells became detectable after expansion. Direct contact between HSPCs and the feeder layer appears beneficial for the expansion of HSPCs harboring CD133+ phenotype, i.e., CD34+CD133+ and CD133+CD34, in contrast to CD34+CD133 cells. Interestingly, electron microscopy and immunofluorescence analyses revealed that adherent HSPCs display various morphologies; they are either round with, in some cases, the appearance of a microvillar pole or exhibit several distinct types of plasma membrane protrusions such as lamellipodium and magnupodium. CD133 is selectively concentrated therein, whereas CD34 is randomly distributed over the entire surface of HSPCs. Together, this co-culture offers a unique experimental system to further characterize the biology and role of markers of rare stem cell populations.

Source
Stem Cells and Development 15, 815-829

DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/scd.2006.15.815

Published
December 2006
 
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