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Pötschke, P. ; Brünig, H. ; Janke, A. ; Fischer, D. ; Jehnichen, D.
Orientation of multiwalled carbon nanotubes in composites with polycarbonate by melt spinning

A conductive polycarbonate (PC) composite containing 2 wt% multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNT) and pure PC were melt spun using a piston type spinning device. Different take-up velocities up to 800 m/min and throughputs leading to draw down ratios up to 250 were used. The composite material of PC with MWNT was prepared by diluting a PC based masterbatch consisting of 15 wt% MWNT by melt mixing in an extruder. The alignment of the nanotubes within melt spun fibers with draw down ratios up to 126 was investigated by TEM and Raman spectroscopy. The nanotubes align in their length axis along the fiber axis increasingly with the draw down ratio, however, the curved shape of the nanotubes still exist in the melt spun fibers. At higher draw down ratios, the MWNT started to align by reducing their curvature. Polarized Raman spectroscopy indicated that the D/D and G/G ratios parallel/perpendicular to the fiber axis increase for both MWNT bands in a similar manner with the draw down ratio. Interestingly, with increasing alignment electrical conductivity of the fibers is lost. Mechanical investigations revealed that at low spinning speeds elongation at break and tensile strength of the composite are lower than those of the pure PC. However, at the highest take-up velocity of 800 m/min the elongation at break is higher and true stress at break of the c
omposite fiber is comparable to the pure PC fiber.

Source
Polymer 46, 10355-10363

DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2005.07.106

Published
October 2005
 
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