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Salchert, K. ; Pompe, T. ; Sperling, C. ; Werner, C.
Quantitative analysis of immobilized proteins and protein mixtures by amino acid analysis

Biomolecular surface engineering of materials often requires precise, versatile and efficient quantification of immobilized proteins at solid surfaces. Acidic hydrolysis of surface-bound proteins and subsequent HPLC analysis of fluorescence-derivatized amino acids were adapted and critically evaluated for that purpose. Contaminations and concentration-dependent amino acid retrieval during HPLC were found to influence the accuracy of the method. In addition to the choice of adequate conditions for hydrolysis, derivatization and chromatographic separation extensions of the data evaluation were suggested to improve the accuracy of the approach when applied to single protein systems: comparing the experimentally obtained amino acid ratio to the protein constitution enabled to identify the properly separated and detected amino acids. Those amino acids were selected for a more precise calculation of the amount of immobilized protein. To further increase the accuracy of the method, the retrieval of amino acids corresponding to protein amounts in the range between 0.5 and 4.0 μg was analyzed for a variety of proteins of interest to derive protein-specific correction factors. The evaluation of amino acid data was furthermore applied to quantify binary protein mixtures at similar settings. This method was prov
en useful to detect the composition of protein mixtures throughout a wide range of absolute and relative concentrations.

Source
Journal of Chromatography / A 1005, 113-122

DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(03)00932-4

Published
July 2003
 
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